Training and the In-House Overhaul Process (I-HOP)

PAL engineers have hundreds of years’ experience working on GE gas, steam and wind turbines.

During their GE days, PAL technical trainers wore many hats:

  • senior field engineers
  • area engineers
  • managers of field services
  • lead technical advisors

They trained over 1000 field engineers at the Field Engineering Development Center (FEDC) near Schenectady, NY.

  • Dave Lucier managed the Field Engineering Program (FEP), as well as being a lead technical trainer in Fuel Regulator and Speedtronic™ control systems for six years.
  • Other PAL engineers were lead training specialists on gas and steam turbine installations, maintenance and start-ups.

Chances are good that field engineers who have provided services for you in the past are graduates of the FEP during their tenure.

PAL engineers have taught over 200 on-site training schools and multi-client seminars in addition to our main responsibilities as turbine field engineers. PAL has also had the honor of being asked to be guest speakers to various User Groups, including: CTOTF, 7EA and 6B.

PAL training schools and seminars always include “real world” experiences of the instructors. Trouble-shooting exercises focus on specific problems that have occurred on your equipment or other power plants of similar design.

In-House Overhaul Process (I-HOP)

In 2002, PAL introduced a new concept called the In-House Overhaul Process (I-HOP). Clients order on-site training for their crew the week before a planned outage. The outage begins with PAL providing a plan using the critical path method (CPM) covering all of the expected activities, manpower and timing. PAL provides a technical advisor (TA) and mechanical assistant (MA) to cover the outage. The PAL team together with the trained crew provided by the client conduct the pre-planned outage. The COST $AVING$ will be significant! The added benefits include worker pride and knowledge that the job was accomplished in house and DONE RIGHT.

PAL has accomplished the I-HOP method for clients in Sherrill and Batavia, NY; Springfield and Greenwood, MO; Portland, Oregon, and a major outage with I-HOP will soon be done in Philadelphia, PA.

For on-site schools Contact the PAL office to discuss your specific training needs.

Gas Turbine Systems and Operations (SOS©)

Addresses the fundamentals of gas turbine technology. Topics include theory of operations, gas turbine and construction, auxiliary fluid systems, simplified starting and operating sequences and control and protection system fundamentals. Also covered are generator or load compressor operations (as applicable). Attendees are those who need to understand basic operating principles of GE gas turbine power plants.

Turbine Inspection, Maintenance and Evaluation (TIME© Featuring General Electric 7EA)

This school applies to all GE Model Series and addresses planned inspections and maintenance of gas turbines including combustion, hot gas path and major. Also included are such subjects as auxiliary fluid systems inspection, safety, renewal parts and consumables. Instruction follows OEM recommendations. Attendees should include those who expect to be involved in a planned outage in the near future.

Troubleshooting And Problem Solving (TAPS©)

This recently presented course focuses on common problems that frequently arise on GE gas turbines regarding operation, auxiliary (fluid) systems, controls and mechanical.  Typical problems known to occur during start-up, operation and shutdown of the gas turbine have been identified and solved by PAL EngineersDave Lucier will lead the discussions, with occasional involvement by Charlie Pond and Al Shuman.  Systems maintenance practices and procedures also will be covered.  Problems generic to most GE model series and Speedtronic™ control systems will be addressed.

Control and Protection Systems (CAPS©)

Training emphasizes control concepts and basic principles. Schools can be taught on Fuel Regulator controls as well as Speedtronic™ Mark I, II, IV and V. Topics include gas turbine systems, operation and startup, trouble-shooting instructions and problem solving and advanced technician testing and calibration techniques. This school can be taught on a basic, intermediate or advanced level.

Advanced Trouble-shooting, Testing and Controls (ATTAC©)

Advanced training school for training a small group who have a basic knowledge of a Speedtronic™ control system. This school's emphasis is on hands-on testing, trouble-shooting and calibration. Attendees are those ready for advanced controls training.

Generator and Gear Evaluation (GAGE©)

This school applies to all GE Generators, Accessory and Load Gears. It addresses planned inspections and maintenance of gears and generators. Included are such subjects as disassembly techniques, rotor removal, contact checks on gears, gear alignment, 3-bearing alignment (if applicable, retaining-ring replacement, electrical testing and vibration analysis. Techniques follow OEM recommendations. Attendees should include mechanical millwrights and their supervisors who expect to be involved in a planned outage in the near future.

Maintenance Practices and Recommended Procedures (MAPP©)

This school applies to all GE gas turbine model series. It addresses planned inspections and maintenance. It covers all aspects of the inspection including disassembly techniques, inspection, repairs, alignment, bolt torquing, repairs and general mechanical assembly. The gas turbine used for the seminar "model" will depend upon the majority of the attendees. However, similarities and differences between GE models will be thoroughly covered.

Design and Evolution of Gas Turbine Control Systems (DECS©)

This school applies to all GE gas turbine model series. It addresses the design and evolution of GE gas turbine controls. Beginning in the 1950s-60s with the Fuel Regulator, the course traces the design criteria and evolution to the electronic era of the 1970s when Speedtronic™ was invented. As this new electronic system evolved in the 1980s, innovations such as the Combustion Monitor and Integrated Temperature Systems were introduced by GE. Later in the decade, the Mark IV system accompanied more modern gas turbines like the MS6001B and 7001EA. During the same era, co-generation and STAG applications were utilizing Mark IV and Mark V system. GE and its competitors vied for the retrofit market in the 1990s: GE offered its Simplex version as competitors utilized programmable logic controllers (PLC) like the Fanuc and Allen Bradley SLC. At the turn of the Century, lower costs innovations like the PAL 5000™ offered by Pond And Lucier, LLC present lesser cost options for the owners of GE gas turbines.

Repair and Maintenance Practices (RAMP©)

Gas turbines are periodically inspected during planned outages. Also, an occasional failure occurs and a forced outage takes a unit out of service. In either case, when inspections ensue, questions like the following often occur: What are the acceptance criteria for this part? Can the component be repaired? If so, what is the process and who must do the work? The repair and reconditioning of components requires expertise in the gas turbine industry. Not every service shop has the capability to repair every component. Learn from experts like Al Shuman and Charlie Pond. Know before you meet with service shop personnel who are recommending a particular repair on your turbine components. You won't want to miss a session entitled "When bad things happen to good turbines." Having good mechanical maintenance practices is another goal of this seminar.

Customized courses are also available upon request. Contact us at to request more information regarding our available seminars and coursework.

On-Site Training

PAL Turbine Services, LLC. offers on-site, unit-specific technical training of GE gas turbines.

  • Courses on GE MS3002, 5001, 6001, 7001 and 9001
  • Mechanical overhauls, systems and operations
  • all Marks of Speedtronic(tm) are available
  • One-week schools can be taught at a suitable conference room on-site or a nearby venue.

PAL instructors learned their training skills from teaching GE students at the Field Engineering Development Center in the 1970s and 1980s. Since then, we have taught over 180 schools and seminars on these subjects.

Contact PAL Turbine Services today to find out more about our on-site training solutions.


  • Please contact Pond And Lucier for more information.

Future Gas Turbine Seminars


Contact PAL today and Request Information on Specific Courses and/or Seminars

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